Digital Exclusion

By end-2016, almost 400 million Indians had internet connections (TRAI). What is the quality of their access to internet, and what are the barriers to access for the other 900 million?
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Digital inclusion: Definitions and status in India

India had 254.40 million internet subscribers by September 2014. That’s an internet penetration of 20.39 per 100. But the picture changes when you consider that 70.23% of them are narrowband subscribers and only 29.77% access a useful connection. Less than 6% of total...

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Bottom of the BRICS heap

How does India, third largest economy in the world, compare with other BRICS nations on digital inclusion? There’s not one indicator – subscribers, penetration, affordability or speed – where India ranks anywhere close to the top. Digital India has some serious work...

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Digital inequality in the Global South

Studies which focus on information and communication technologies (ICTs)  as tools for new forms of instrumental communication and information processing take a technocratic view of technology, providing a perspective that understands notions such as  ‘efficiency’ or...

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Linguistic inclusion on the internet

Not a single one of the Eighth Schedule Indian languages is used by more than .01% of the total websites in the world. Indian languages are severely under-represented in the internet world. Facebook, which provides options in 11 of India’s 22 Eighth Schedule...

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Outsiders in the information society

In a world with 3 billion online, 1 billion websites and 40,000 google searches processed per second, being disconnected from the internet is a serious disadvantage. Prof Kannamma Raman discusses the ramifications of digital inequality.

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Echo chamber

Millions of comments, conversations and tweets are added to cyberspace every day. You'd expect all this discussion and debate to be strengthening democracy and the public sphere. Prof Kannamma Raman demolishes the myth of cyberspace as inclusive public sphere in this...

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